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MBBS Full Form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.It is the official undergraduate degree awarded to students who graduate from medical schools or universities to enter the medical profession.

Eligibility criteria for getting admission to MBBS CourseCandidates should have completed 17 years of age on the date of admission.Candidates should have passed 12th class (for 10+2 scheme)/ higher secondary examination or Senior School Certificate Examination (CBSE scheme) with 60 % marks in English, Physics, and Chemistry and Biology subjects.

MBBS Course Duration:

MBBS is a 5 years and 6 months course. The entire course is structured in such a way that the first 4 ½ years involves class room study. And the next one year is dedicated for internship. Yes. In some countries medical graduates should undergo internship to complete the course. After completion of MBBS degree, a medical graduate becomes eligible for postgraduate courses like MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery).

MBBS Course Overview:

Let us briefly discuss about how the MBBS course is structured in India. Understanding the structure of the course greatly helps students to get an idea of the overall pattern of MBBS. The entire course is divided into four parts followed by an internship.

First MBBS (I MBBS):

In the first year of your MBBS course, you will study preclinical courses like Human Anatomy, Human Physiology and basic Biochemistry. These are the basic subjects you will learn in the first year. You HAVE to pass the final examination of I MBBS to go to the II MBBS. If you do not clear I MBBS you will be put in the intermediate batch. Typically, in morning sessions you will learn Anatomy which can be followed by class of dissection. In afternoon sessions there will be theory class that can be continued with laboratory work in Biochemistry or Physiology.

Second MBBS (II MBBS):

The course duration of Second MBBS is 1year and 6 months. You will learn Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, and also Forensic Medicine which are the main subjects in II MBBS. In the mornings, you may be attending clinical wards or OPDs (Out Patient Department) to get some hands on experience. In afternoon sessions, there may be theory classes followed by laboratory works.

Final MBBS:

Final MBBS has two parts which are termed as III MBBS Part I and III MBBS Part II.

Final MBBS Part I (III MBBS Part I):

The course duration of Final MBBS Part I is one year. You will learn Community Medicine, Ophthalmology and ENT (Ear Nose and Throat) during this period.

Final MBBS Part II (III MBBS Part II):

The course duration of Final MBBS Part II is also one year and you will be given focused training on the clinical subjects of Medicine, Paediatrics, Surgery (which include Orthopaedics), Obstetrics and Gynaecology. After passing the final examination, you will be eligible for provisional registration with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the respective State Medical Council. You will be awarded the final MBBS degree only after completing the Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship.

CRRI – Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship:

This is a one year mandatory work that you should do in a hospital that is attached to the respective medical college. You will be given a monthly stipend for the work you do during the internship and the amount of stipend may vary depending on the state in which you are posted. This internship gives you the required exposure in various disciplines of medical field and equips you to work as a “Doctor”.

Role of Medical council of India in regulating MBBS Courses:

Medical council of India takes care of the medical education in India. It is a statutory body which recognizes medical qualifications, accredits medical colleges and monitors the registration of medical practitioners in India. The main role of Medical council of India is to maintain uniform standards for medical education in the country.

After completing MBBS you have many options for furthering your career

  • Clinical Practice.
  • Hospital Management or Administration.
  • Researcher and PhD Program
  • Medical Transcription
  • Combined Medical Service (CMS) and Civil Services.
  • Medical Professor or a Lecturer
  • Overseas Opportunities